Common issues that child counselors treat includes:
• Abuse (physical, sexual, verbal, etc.)
• Behavioural issues
• Bullying at school or otherwise
• Coping with the separation and divorce of parents
• Extended family issues
• Grief and bereavement
• Relocation Anxiety
• School refusal
• Separation anxiety
• Self-esteem issues
• Sibling rivalry
• Social withdrawal
• Sleep issues
Therapies utilized in child counseling include:
Because each child is unique, as are the challenges they experience, different techniques and therapies are employed during child counseling. A counselor must be innovative when preparing a session with children so that the youngsters participate positively.
1. CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)
This therapy is typically administered to older children. Counselors utilize worksheets or games to help youngsters overcome any negative views they may have established. For example, if a youngster comes to counseling because his parents have separated and he has begun to dislike his parents as a result, the counselor may use CBT to question the assumption that just because his parents have separated does not mean that they are no longer together.
2. TF-CBT (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)
Trauma focus therapy is used with children who have witnessed trauma, such as abuse, familial violence, parental neglect, the death of a close relative, and so on. The counselor aids the youngsters in dealing with the trauma in a realistic manner with the support of this therapy.
3. Recreational Therapy
With younger children, play therapy is used. This is a fantastic kind of therapy for establishing rapport with the children. In this therapy, many types of games are utilized to watch the child's behavior and to comprehend the challenges that the youngster may be facing. Because playing games is incorporated into this therapy, the children automatically begin conversing with the therapist.
4. Alternative Therapies
There are a few circumstances where alternative therapies such as music therapy, movement therapy, and mindfulness therapy can be employed to benefit the child. It was observed that a youngster with Autism who used to become violent in class began responding to the music played by the therapist and could talk peacefully while the music was playing. As a result, remedies are chosen based on specific difficulties.
How Does Child Counselling Function?
Parents or carers bring their children to therapy when they notice a difference in the children's emotional, social, intellectual, or behavioural aspects. Case histories are typically obtained from parents or carers. The primary concerns, as well as the child's developmental milestones, are listed in this section.
Following the case history session, the counselor decides whether to begin the session with the child or with the parents.
When a child is brought in for counseling, the counselor's main goal is to make her/him feel at ease and to create rapport with them. Even with kid counseling, confidentiality is respected, and parents are informed.
The counselor decides what type of therapy to utilize and what goals to set while observing the youngster. Parents may be called for individual or joint sessions with their child during child counseling.
When Should a Child Seek Counseling?
The most unusual clue that your child may want to counsel is their behavior. Their behaviors may alter abruptly or gradually, and it may last for an extended period of time. It is critical to observe the child's "out of character" behaviors and discuss it with a specialist.
Aside from that, if you believe your child has had a significant change in his or her life that may have an impact on them, this is a hint that you should seek counseling for your child.
Some symptoms of discomfort in your child that may indicate the need for counseling include:
• Sudden aggression.
• An abrupt exit from social situations.
• Excessive rage.
• Explosive temper tantrums.
• Difficulties with reading, writing, math, and other subjects that are not grade-appropriate.
• Nightmares, the anxiety of sleeping alone, and so on.
• Recurrent physical issues.
• Noticeable weight reduction or gain/increase in appetite.
Child Counselling Results:
The most essential advantage of child counseling is that it provides children with a safe place to talk to someone who is not a parent, sibling, or family member. They can openly discuss everything and everything, which aids the counselor's understanding of the child and makes the youngster feel better.
• Children learn how to express themselves verbally.
• Emotional expressions that are positive.
• Academic advancement.
• Assists parents in better understanding their ward.
What role does it play in child development?
Children's minds are like sponges, soaking in everything around them. Children soak up positive attitudes towards life when they have positive childhood experiences, and negative attitudes when they have terrible childhood experiences. Child counseling is important in breaking down bad attitudes and teaching children reasonable thinking.
The earlier a problem is identified, the easier it is to address. Counseling assists children with-
• Physical advancement.
• Cognitive advancement.
• Social advancement.
• Psychological growth.
• Creating trust.
• Problems with concentration.
• Delays or anomalies in development.